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Riding on an electric bike and capturing each moment and scene in your mind must be a journey to remember. Sorry to disturb you, but you have to stop and look at your speedometer. You are overspeeding. Wait What? You don’t know the speed limit of e-bikes in Australia. You are also unaware of factors impacting e-bike speed. Don’t worry. We got you covered. 

This article covers regulations on safe speed in Australia and factors that can affect the speed of electric bikes. So get off your e-bike, read this article, and keep yourself informed about Australian rules and regulations of e-bikes. Note down the speed limit. And then you would be able to continue your blissful journey.  

Factors Impacting Electric Bike Speed

First things first. Before we discuss the e-bike speed limit, let us first discuss the factors that may impact your e-bike speed.

Motor Power

The power of the electric motor installed on an e-bike significantly impacts its speed. Higher motor power translates into greater speed potential. In Australia, e-bikes are typically limited to a maximum motor power of 250 watts for pedal-assist models and 200 watts for throttle-controlled models.

Battery Capacity

The battery capacity plays a critical role in determining the e-bike’s range and speed. A larger capacity battery can provide more power for longer periods, enabling higher speeds. However, it is important to note that e-bike speed is often governed by legal regulations, regardless of battery capacity.

Weight 

The weight of the e-bike and the rider, along with the bike’s aerodynamics, can influence its speed. Lighter e-bikes with streamlined designs allow for higher speeds with less effort. On the other hand, heavier e-bikes and wind resistance can limit the top speed achievable.

Surface Conditions

The type of surface and terrain on which the e-bike is operated can affect its speed. Smooth and flat surfaces allow for faster speeds, while uphill or off-road riding may limit the speed due to physical constraints.

Experience and Skill

Rider experience and skill can also affect the speed of an electric bike. For a skilled rider, it will be convenient to change speed according to terrain and surface conditions. Also, skilled riders would have a smooth journey without too many transitions of speed. For a new rider, it is safe to be at less speed.

Tire Pressure

Higher tire pressure of an e-bike can reduce rolling resistance and improve overall efficiency, allowing for higher speeds.

Rider Input

The speed of an e-bike also depends upon the effort put in by the rider. E-bikes typically have different levels of pedal assist. Riders can choose a level that can change the power and speed of an e-bike. 

Aerodynamics

The design and shape of the e-bike, including the rider’s position, can impact its speed. A more aerodynamic design can reduce wind resistance and increase speed.

Terrain

Flat and smooth terrain allows higher speeds while uphill climbs, rough terrain, or strong   headwinds can slow down an e-bike.

Electric Bike Speed Limit in Australia

As we discussed before, the maximum speed of an e-bike is regulated by local laws and regulations, with some jurisdictions imposing speed limits on e-bikes. Let us now discuss what those laws are.

E-bike Classification

In Australia, e-bikes are classified as bicycles if they meet certain criteria. For a pedelec (pedal-assist) e-bike to be classified as a bicycle, it must have a maximum continuous power output of 250 watts and not be capable of speeds greater than 25 km/h when the rider stops pedaling. 

Throttle-assisted e-bikes, where the motor can be controlled without pedaling, must have a maximum power output of 200 watts and are also restricted to a maximum speed of 25 km/h.

Speed Limit

The maximum speed limit for e-bikes in Australia is 25 km/h. This applies to both pedal-assist and throttle-controlled e-bikes. E-bike riders need to adhere to this speed limit to ensure their safety and comply with the law.

Other Regulations Regarding E-Bikes in Australia

Off-road Riding

While e-bikes are allowed to be used on public roads, paths, and bikeways, there are specific regulations regarding off-road riding. In some regions of Australia, e-bikes are allowed on designated trails, but riders must follow the speed limits specified for each trail.

Licensing & Age Restrictions

In Australia, e-bikes are not considered motor vehicles, and thus, riders are not required to hold a driver’s license or register their e-bike. Additionally, there are no age restrictions for operating e-bikes. However, it is recommended that riders be at least 16 years old to ensure they have the necessary knowledge and skills to ride safely.

Power Output

According to Australian regulations, an e-bike must have an electric motor with a power output of no more than 250 watts. E-bikes in Australia must be pedal-assist, meaning that the motor only provides assistance when the rider is pedaling. The motor cannot be operated independently without pedaling. 

Wearing Helmet

The law in Australia states that any rider on an electric bicycle, including the passenger, must wear a helmet. Helmets for both the rider and the passenger are mandatory. This is because the rider is responsible for what happens on their bike and they could get in trouble if they break the law.

Lights on e-bike

According to Australian regulations, there must be a white front light and a red back light.

Using a Phone while Cycling

Using GPS on a phone while riding is not allowed. You can use GPS with a stand on the e-bike. Video calling or using your phone for more than two minutes is also not allowed.

Allowed Weight on E-bike

According to Australian rules and regulations for e-bikes, weight on e-bike shouldn’t exceed 40 kilograms (80 pounds).

It is important here to note that these rules and regulations may differ slightly between different states and territories in Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia etc). It is advisable to check the specific regulations enforced in your respective area.

Best Speed Compliant E-Bikes in Australia

Let us have a look at two of the best electric bikes in our lineup, that are designed to be speed compliant with the Australian e-bike speed limit.

Engwe C20 Pro – 25km/h

  • Motor: 250W
  • Speed: 25km/h
  • Battery: 36V 19.2Ah 
  • Range: Up to 105km
  • Load Capacity: 150kg
  • Frame Material: Aluminum Alloy

The Engwe C20 Pro is a standout electric bike that excels in power, range, and affordability. Powered by a reliable 250W motor and equipped with a substantial 36V 19.2Ah lithium battery, it effortlessly covers an impressive distance of over 100km per charge. The 7-speed Shimano gear shift system ensures precise control, while dual lights enhance safety during nighttime rides.

Going beyond performance, the Engwe C20 Pro focuses on convenience. Its compact folding size and ultra-lightweight frame, crafted from aviation-grade aluminum alloy, make it exceptionally easy to carry. Despite its sleek build, the C20 Pro accommodates a robust 150kg payload, catering to riders of various sizes. This electric bike offers a compelling blend of power, convenience, and cost-effectiveness for a rewarding riding experience.

Engwe C20 – 25km/h

  • Motor: 250W
  • Speed: 25km/h
  • Battery: 36V 10.4Ah 
  • Range: Up to 80km
  • Load Capacity: 150kg
  • Frame Material: Aluminum Alloy

A symbol of affordability and performance synergy, the Engwe C20 is driven by a robust 250W Bafang motor, enabling a smooth ride at speeds up to 25km/h. Its lightweight aluminum alloy frame supports a substantial 150kg load capacity. 

Fueled by a detachable 36V 10.4Ah lithium-ion battery, the bike achieves an impressive 80km range per charge. Adaptive to diverse terrains, it features a Shimano 7-speed drivetrain and three riding modes. 

Safety is also paramount with a dual disc brake system and an integrated front lamp. Weighing a mere 24kg, the C20 combines comfort with functionality for an enjoyable riding experience. To top it all, you have an insanely budget tag of just AUD 999. All in all, it’s the best way to step into the e-bike club!

Final Words

Understanding the factors that impact e-bike speed and the legal regulations surrounding e-bike speed limits is crucial for both e-bike riders and other road users. Adhering to the maximum speed limit of 25 km/h ensures the safety of riders and promotes responsible usage of e-bikes. 

As e-bikes continue to gain popularity in Australia, it is essential to stay informed about the regulations and enjoy the benefits of e-bike riding within the confines of the law. All being said, remember that these rules are meant to keep you and others safe on the road. 

Being on an electric ride is the greatest bliss but no matter how badly you might want to get somewhere on your cool e-bike, you’d better not put yourself or other people at risk. Not to mention that most rules are there to keep your bike intact and protect it from serious damage. So, keep safe!

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